Application of Pharmacological Approaches to Plant–Mammal Interactions
Jennifer S. Sorensen,1,2 Michele M. Skopec,1 & M. Denise Dearing,1
1Department of Biology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
2NPS Pharmaceuticals, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA
The dominant theory in the ﬁeld of mammalian herbivore–plant interactions is that intake, and therefore tolerance, of plant secondary metabolites (PSMs) is regulated by mechanisms that reduce absorption and increase detoxiﬁcation of PSMs. Methods designed by pharmacologists to measure detoxiﬁcation enzyme activity, metabolite excretion, and most recently, drug absorption, have been successfully applied by ecologists to study PSM intake in a variety of mammalian study systems. Here, we describe several pharmacological and molecular techniques used to investigate the fate of drugs in human that have potential to further advance knowledge of mammalian herbivore–plant interactions.