Assisted Breeding Technology for the Conservation and Protection of Phascolarctos cinereus or how to make a Koala Pouch Young
Sd Johnston1, Mr McGowan1 AND P O'Callaghan2
1School of Veterinary Science and Animal Production, The University of Queensland, 4072
2Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary, Jesmond Rd, Fig Tree Pocket, 4069
Artificial breeding technology offers significant advantages for the genetic management and production of captive wildlife species. However, only in a small proportion of wildlife has reproductive technology been sufficiently developed to make a significant contribution to species conservation. This paper summarises the development of artificial insemination in the Koala, highlighting the three fundamental components essential for its success; (1) semen collection, manipulation and preservation, (2) determining the most appropriate time for insemination and (3) describing the reproductive anatomy of the female to ascertain the most appropriate site for semen deposition. The information reported in this paper is primarily derived from the PhD thesis of Dr Steve Johnston and a series of journal articles currently in press.