Consistent patterns of vehicle collision risk for six mammal species
Casey Visintin a, *, Rodney van der Ree b, c, Michael A. McCarthy a
a Quantitative and Applied Ecology Group, School of BioSciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, 3010, Australia
b School of BioSciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, 3010, Australia
c Ecology and Infrastructure International Pty Ltd, PO Box 6031, Wantirna, VIC, 3152, Australia
The occurrence and rate of wildlife-vehicle collisions are related to both anthropocentric and environmental variables, however, few studies compare collision risks for multiple species within a model framework that is adaptable and transferable. Our research compares collision risk for multiple species across a large geographic area using a conceptually simple risk framework.
We used six species of native terrestrial mammal often involved with wildlife-vehicle collisions in south-east Australia. We related collisions reported to a wildlife organisation to the co-occurrence of each species and a threatening process (presence and movement of road vehicles). For each species, we constructed statistical models from wildlife atlas data to predict occurrence across geographic space. Traffic volume and speed on road segments (also modelled) characterised the magnitude of threatening processes.
The species occurrence models made plausible spatial predictions. Each model reduced the unexplained variation in patterns and distributions of species between 29.5% (black wallaby) and 34.3% (koala). The collision models reduced the unexplained variation in collision event data between 7.4% (koala) and 19.4% (common ringtail possum) with predictor variables correlating similarly with collision risk across species.
Road authorities and environmental managers need simple and flexible tools to inform projects. Our model framework is useful for directing mitigation efforts (e.g. on road effects or species presence), predicting risk across differing spatial and temporal scales and target species, inferring patterns of threat, and identifying areas warranting additional data collection, analysis, and study.