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Cryptococcosis: update and emergence of Cryptococcus gattii

Sally J. Lester1, Richard Malik2, Karen H. Bartlett3, Colleen G. Duncan4

1Pilchuck Veterinary Hospital, Snohomish, WA, USA;

2Centre for Veterinary Education, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia;

3School of Environmental Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada; and

4Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA


Cryptococcosis is a fungal disease that occurs throughout the world. Recent reclassification of Cryptococcus species along with a change in the distribution pattern has prompted reevaluation of the organism and the diseases caused by this pathogen. This review highlights the emergence of Cryptococcus gattii as a primary pathogen in North America and summarizes our current understanding of the disease in mammals and birds.

  • All
  • 2013
  • Biogeography
  • Biology
  • Chlamydia
  • Diet
  • Disease
  • Ecology
  • Ellis
  • Eucalyptus
  • Genetics
  • Habitat
  • Infection
  • Interventions
  • Koala
  • Lunney
  • Threats
  • Timms
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