Cytochrome P450 4A, peroxisomal enzymes and nicotinamide cofactors in koala liver
S. Ngo, S. Kong, A. Kirlich, R.A. McKinnon, I. Stupans *
Centre for Pharmaceutical Research, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, City East Campus, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5000 , Australia
We have examined hepatic levels of microsomal lauric acid hydroxylase activity and cyanide-insensitive palmitoyl coenzyme A oxidative activity in koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) and tammar wallaby (Macropus eugenii) and compared our results to those determined in rat. Microsomal lauric acid hydroxylation was signiﬁcantly higher in koala than in tammar wallaby or rat. However, cyanide-insensitive palmitoyl-CoA oxidation was absent in the koala. We have also determined the hepatic nicotinamide cofactors in these species. Hepatic nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and the ratio of NAD/nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP) were higher in koala than in tammar wallaby and rat liver. Reverse transcription of koala liver mRNA, followed by polymerase chain reaction using primers based on highly conserved areas in the CYP4A family led to the cloning of a partial, near full length, cDNA clone with ~70% nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequence identity to human CYP4A11. The CYP has been named CYP4A15.
Lauric acid hydroxylase; Cyanide-insensitive palmitoyl coenzyme A oxidation; Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus); CYP4A; Nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide (NAD); Nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP)