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Streptococcus gallolyticus sp. nov.; Gallate Degrading Organisms Formerly Assigned to Streptococcus bovis


RO OSAWA1, TOMOHIKO FUJISAWA2, and LINDSAY I. SLY3


1Veterinary Service and Research, Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary, Fig Tree Pocket, Brisbane, Australia
2Kanagawa Prefectural Public Health Laboratory, Nakao-cho, Asahi-ku, Yokohama, Japan, and
3Centre of Bacterial Diversity and Identification, Department of Microbiology, University of Queensland, Sr. Lucia, Brisbane, Australia


ABSTRACT
Phenotypic charcteristics including the abilites two hydrolyze tannin and to decarboxylate gallic acid in 31 strains of S. bovis and 3 strains of S. equinus were compared with their dexoyribonucleic acid (DNA) relatedness. It was found that the strains capable of decarboxylaring gallic acid all belong to a single DNA homology group which does not include either the type strain of S. bovis or the type strain of S. equinus. Thus it was concluded that the gallate degrading strains of S. bovis should be re-assigned to a new species, for which the name Streptococcus gallolyticus sp. nov. is proposed.

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